In the Archery sports History, Tribesmen of Central Asia (after the domestication of the horse) and American Plains Indians (after gaining access to horses via Europeans) developed a great skill at archery from a horseback. Lightly armed, but extremely mobile archers were excellently suited to battle in the Central Asian steppes, and they formed a large part of armies that fought to conquer large areas of Eurasia. The shorter bows are more suitable to be used on horses, while the compound bow allowed mounted archers to use powerful weapons.
Seljuk Turks used mounted archers in their opponents in the European First Crusade, especially at the Battle of Dorylaeum (1097). Their strategy was to shoot at infantry of the enemy, and utilize their superior speed to prevent enemies from closing upon them. Empires across the Eurasian landmass often strongly associated their “barbarian” counterparts with the use of the bow and arrow. This was to the point that even powerful states such as that of Han Dynasty referred to their neighbor, the Xiong-nu known as “Those Who Draw the Bow”.
For example, Xiongnu’s mounted bowmen proved much more formidable than the Han military, and their threat was at least partially to blame for Chinese expanding into Ordos region, in order to establish a stronger, more powerful buffer zone to protect them. There is a possibility that “barbarian” peoples were responsible for introducing bows or certain types of bows for their “civilized” counterparts, with the Xiong-nu and the Han being one example. The same is true for short bows. They appear to have been first introduced into Japan by northeast Asian groups. More Archery History is here: