How one powerful family helped derail Sri Lanka’s economy

In July 2022, Sri Lankan citizens stormed and occupied the republic’s presidential palace after months of demonstrations. The protesters had one main demand: for the country’s then-president Gotabaya Rajapaksa to resign. The protests came off the back of a crippling economic crisis, the worst the country had seen since it claimed independence in 1948. As a result, the country’s population struggled to get their hands on essential goods like fuel, food and medicine. While some factors, like the Covid-19 pandemic and the Sri Lankan Easter bombings of 2019, were out of the government’s control, political and economic analysts told CNBC that ultimately, some of the major policy missteps put in place by the Rajapaksa political dynasty caused Sri Lanka’s economic demise. SINGAPORE — The commander of the U.S. Seventh Fleet said on Tuesday that he’s seen an increase in “unsafe” aerial intercepts by the Chinese military in the South China Sea region. As recently as May, a Chinese fighter aircraft allegedly intercepted a Royal Australian Air Force P-8 maritime surveillance plane in the South China Sea region in a manner that Australia’s defense department said was “dangerous” to its aircraft and crew. The department said the Chinese aircraft fired chaff that was sucked into the Australian plane’s engine. “This reported increase in the air is obviously concerning… it’s not a very forgiving environment if something goes wrong when you’re flying in the air,” Karl Thomas said. The Chinese embassy in Singapore did not immediately respond to CNBC’s request for comment. Thomas said in a press briefing in Singapore that keeping sea lanes open is the “first and foremost” mission of the U.S. Navy. “Sea lanes are the lifeblood of our economies … having open sea lanes and having shipping that can operate … is extremely important to keep the economy running,” the vice admiral said. About 80% of global trade volume was carried by sea in 2021, according to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. The South China Sea holds some of the world’s busiest commercial shipping lanes. China claims sovereignty over almost the whole body of water, though other countries including the United States do not acknowledge that claim and it hasn’t held up in a court of international arbitration. Dangerous intercepts remain ‘infrequent’ Thomas was careful to note that dangerous aerial intercepts remain rare. “We’re not seeing it happen very frequently. It’s not like every day, something’s going on. It’s an infrequent action,” he said. “And then you start asking yourself — is it because it’s an unprofessional pilot? Or is it something that’s more broad than that?” WATCH NOW VIDEO05:24 Security concerns grow over Chinese project near U.S. Air Force base The commander defended so-called “freedom of navigation” operations by the United States and other countries as part of a rules-based order in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. He maintained that China’s claims over the South China Sea need to be “challenged.” “If you don’t challenge it, the problem is that it’ll become the norm … People just accept it. And then all of a sudden, people can make claims like the entire South China Sea is their territorial sea.”

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